Dissertation Research and Writing for Construction Students To my mother, Rose Dissertation Research and Writing for Construction Students Second edition Dr. British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data. Naoum, S. G. (Shamil G.) Dissertation research and writing for construction students. – 2nd ed. 1. Dissertations. Trove: Find and get Australian resources. Books, images, historic newspapers, maps, archives and more.

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Dissertation Research and Writing for Construction Students. FULL ACCESS DownloadPDF MB Read online. Keywords. London South. Part One Preparing the Ground and Reviewing the Literature. 2 Selecting a topic and writing the dissertation proposal Choosing the topic Dissertation Research & Writing for Construction Students [Shamil G. Naoum] on tingrakecoupde.tk *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. User-friendly, easy to dip.

Figure 4: Example abstract page from Solent Electronic Archive. Remember: The abstract will always come at the beginning of your paper, before the contents page. Contents page This content has been archived! To help your reader find information easily, you must include a Contents page. Figure 5: Example contents page Usually, the Contents page will come after the Acknowledgements and Abstract, and before the List of figures if you have one and the Introduction.

Notice that everything leading up to the Introduction does not have to be numbered here. If you do number the pages, the numbering would be in Roman numerals.

Remember: Be very careful when making your final draft that all of the page numbers given in the Contents are correct. List of figures or illustrations This content has been archived!

Ten Simple Rules for Writing a Literature Review

It should give the number of the page that it appears on. Include these in a citation next to the figure itself and in your Reference List or Bibliography. Figures, tables, illustrations If you are doing a design or fine arts subject, it is likely that you will include photographs, drawings, paintings or illustrations in your dissertations. These would normally be included in your List of illustrations. In other subjects, it is common to include all tables, charts, graphs, photographs, drawings, etc.

However, if you have a great deal of information presented in tables, it may be best to have a both a List of tables and a List of figures everything that's not a table. When labelling, number these separately Table 1, Table 2, Figure 1, Figure 2, etc.

Remember: The List of illustrations is positioned after the Contents page on a separate page and before the Introduction. Check what is the normal practice in your discipline. Main body - introduction This content has been archived! The introduction: uses a descriptive writing style gives a bit more detail about the problem or question you are tackling in the paper makes a very clear statement of your purpose — Why did you carry out the research?

Why are you writing this dissertation? Remember: The introduction comes at the beginning of the paper, after the abstract, acknowledgements and contents lists. When numbering the pages, start at 1 on the introduction.

Main body - literature survey This content has been archived! With so much research available on any given topic, research questions must be as clear as possible in order to be effective in helping the writer direct his or her research.

Is your research question focused?

Research questions must be specific enough to be well covered in the space available. Is your research question complex?

They should, instead, require both research and analysis on the part of the writer. What sources should you consult as you seek answers to your question? What research process will ensure that you find a variety of perspectives and responses to your question? Sample Research Questions Unclear: How should social networking sites address the harm they cause?

The clearer version specifies sites MySpace and Facebook , the type of potential harm privacy issues , and who may be experiencing that harm users. A strong research question should never leave room for ambiguity or interpretation. Unfocused: What is the effect on the environment from global warming? There is likely to be a required format for the title page in your discipline, so you need to check what that is.

Abstract This may be one of the shortest sections of your thesis or dissertation, but it is worthwhile taking great care to write it well.

Essentially, the Abstract is a succinct summary of the research. It should be able to stand alone in representing why and how you did what you did, and what the results and implications are. It is often only one page long, and there may be a word limit to adhere to. The Abstract is an important element of the thesis, and will become a document in its own right if the thesis is registered within any database.

The examiners will therefore assess your Abstract both as part of your thesis, and as a potentially independent document. It can be best to write the Abstract last, once you are sure what exactly you are summarising. Alternatively it can be useful to write the abstract earlier on, as an aid to identifying the crucial main thread of your research, its purpose, and its findings, which could then guide the structure of the dissertation.

It might be useful to look at how others have managed.

Rule 1: Define a Topic and Audience

It is certainly an academic exercise, but perhaps not too different from the concise explanations of your research you may have had to give to relatives and neighbours over the last few years, in terms of its brevity, accessibility, and comprehensiveness. Acknowledgements This is your opportunity to mention individuals who have been particularly helpful.

Reading the acknowledgements in other dissertations in your field will give you an idea of the ways in which different kinds of help have been appreciated and mentioned. Contents, and figure and table lists The contents pages will show up the structure of the dissertation. This is a useful check on whether amalgamation of sections, or creation of further sections or sub-sections is needed. Introduction Although this is the first piece of writing the reader comes to, it is often best to leave its preparation to last as, until then, you will not be absolutely sure what you are introducing.

The introduction has two main roles: to expand the material summarised in the abstract, and to signpost the content of the rest of the dissertation. The literature review, or context of the study The purpose of this chapter is to show that you are aware of where your own piece of research fits into the overall context of research in your field.

To do this you need to: describe the current state of research in your defined area; consider whether there are any closely related areas that you also need to refer to; identify a gap where you argue that further research is needed; and explain how you plan to attend to that particular research gap. This can lead logically into a clear statement of the research question s or problem s you will be addressing. In addition to the research context, there may be other relevant contexts to present for example: theoretical context; practice context; and political context.

International Dissertation Research Fellowship (IDRF)

It can be difficult to identify the best order for sections in this chapter because the rationale for your choice of specific research question can be complicated, and there may be several inter-linked reasons why the research is needed.

It is worth taking time to develop a logical structure as this will help to convince examiners of the relevance of your research, and that you understand its relevance. It will also provide you with a framework to refer back to in your discussion chapter, when you reflect on the extent to which your research has achieved what it set out to do. Chapter s describing methods, sources, material etc In these chapters a straightforward description is required of how you conducted the research.

If you used particular equipment, processes, or materials, you will need to be clear and precise in how you describe them.

You must give enough detail for another researcher to replicate your study. For example a scientific dissertation would probably have very clear separation between the results and the discussion of those results; whereas a social science dissertation might have an overall chapter called Findings, bringing the results and their discussion together.

Dissertation Research Writing Construction Students by Shamil Naoum

Decisions about style of presentation may need to be made about, for example: whether you want to begin with an initial overview of the results, followed by the detail, or whether you move immediately into the detail of the results; in which order you will be presenting the detailed results; and what balance, in terms of word space, you want to achieve across the spread of results that you have.

Discussion This is where you review your own research in relation to the wider context in which it is located. You can refer back to the rationale that you gave for your research in the literature review, and discuss what your own research has added in this context. It is important to show that you appreciate the limitations of your research, and how these may affect the validity or usefulness of your findings. Given the acknowledged limitations, you can report on the implications of your findings for theory, research, and practice.

Conclusions This chapter tends to be much shorter than the Discussion.The foundation of all questionnaires, whether mailed or to be used for interviewing, is the questions.

It is a face-to-face interpersonal role situation in which an interviewer asks respondents questions designed to elicit answers pertinent to the research hypothesis. Measurements and Probability 8. It could be 1 per cent, 5 per cent, 20 per cent, 50 per cent and so on. The statistical tests discussed in Chapter 8 will provide you with a probability that allows you to judge whether your results are significant or are due to chance.

The first objective was to survey large private house building companies and investigate the company business philosophy, organisational structure, marketing information and their marketing policy. The Latham Report sought radical changes to reduce conflict.

Listed below are some of the types of sampling designs available to the researcher: Another criticism has been that there may not be adequate time to assess the details of the dispute Naughton, Chapter 5 explains the main features of the postal survey and the interview technique together with showing the advantages and limitations of both techniques.