Get History and GK Notes in PDF. Download complete list of Indian Freedom Struggle Important Events & Timeline for SSC, SBI PO, SBI Clerk etc. THE FREEDOM STRUGGLE IN PRINCELY INDIA. INDIAN CAPITALISTS AND THE NATIONAL MOVEMENT. THE DEVELOPMENT OF A NATIONALIST. This book recounts the story of the Indian freedom struggle from the Great Revolt of and the attainment of independence in While mentioning most of the principal actors and events, the volume focuses more on the aims and development of Indian independence rather than on.
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The long drawn Indian struggle for independence is the backdrop of Paul Scott's The Raj Quartet and a few other novels. Like a landscape painter Paul Scott. Indian Independence movement can be treated as the out put of national Hume felt that Indians should be given more freedom, more opportunities in. CASIRJ Volume 5 Issue 12 [Year - ] ISSN – Impact of World war on Indian Freedom Movement Kanta Introduction India played a significant part.
The last significant battle was fought in Gwalior on 20 June In proclaiming the new direct- places like Meerut. They also increased the number of British soldiers in relation to native ones and allowed only British soldiers to handle artillery. A The British embarked on a program in India of reform and political restructuring.
Firuz Saha. Sporadic fighting continued until but most of the rebels were subdued. The British fought the main army of the rebels near Delhi in Badlke-Serai and drove them back to Delhi before laying siege on the city. British moved regiments law. Burma where he died in Some notable leaders were Ahmed Ullah.
These resolutions were submitted to the Viceroy's government and occasionally to the British Parliament. The inculcation of religious The first spurts of nationalistic reform and social pride was sentiment that rose amongst Congress fundamental to the rise of a public members were when the desire to be movement for complete nationhood.
Uttar Pradesh renamed Aligarh Muslim University in Despite its claim to represent all India. Its objective was to educate wealthy students by emphasizing the The influences of socio-religious compatibility of Islam with modern groups such as Arya Samaj started by western knowledge.
Rabindranath Tagore and mobile and successful western- Dadabhai Naoroji spread the passion educated provincial elites. At its inception. Sir Syed mostly members of the upwardly Ahmed Khan. Subramanya Bharathy. By Attacks by Hindu reformers against religious conversion.
It functioned more as a debating society that met annually to express its loyalty to the British Raj and passed numerous resolutions on less controversial issues such as civil rights or opportunities in government. They were Bankim Chandra Chatterjee. Ramakrishna Paramhansa. Indian National Congress. But with Tilak's arrest. Muslim League insisted on its For these reasons.
Widespread people and India's nationalism. Tilak advocated what was deemed for improvements in administrative as extremism. Minto — This trend was personified by party. Under them.
India's Freedom Struggle 1857-1947: A Short History
Not Lajpat Rai. But the boycotting British products under the 7. He wanted a direct efficiency in that huge and populous assault by the people upon the British region. Tilak deeply constitutional reforms. India's three great consult Indian public opinion. The Congress lost credit with the people. The British recognized culture. Gokhale agitation ensued in the streets and in criticized Tilak for encouraging acts of the press.
Governor-General — The Indians in the affairs of their nation. He some of Muslim League's petitions by resented the denial of freedom of increasing the number of elective expression for nationalists. He was backed by rising public influence on local and national politics. Dadabhai Naoroji. His popular sentence "Swaraj "nation within a nation.
Indian Freedom Struggle Timeline – Know The Events In Chronological Order!
Bengal and action appeared to reflect the British Punjab shaped the demand of the resolve to divide and rule. These led to swadeshi and boycott movements. In what the British saw as an additional goodwill gesture. Bengal and Punjab remained hotbeds of anti colonial activities. People showed World War I began with an unity by tying Rakhi on each other's unprecedented outpouring of loyalty wrists and observing Arandhan not and goodwill towards the United cooking any food.
The Congress-led boycott of British goods was so successful that it unleashed anti-British forces to an extent unknown since the Sepoy Rebellion. About 1. Lord Hardinge.
India contributed massively to the British war effort by providing men and resources. This movement was suppressed by means of a massive 8. German and Turkish help in a massive conspiracy that has since come to be called the Hindu German conspiracy This conspiracy also attempted to rally Afghanistan against British India.
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Terrorism in Bengal. A cycle of violence and repression ensued in some parts of the country see Alipore bomb case. The British tried to mitigate the situation by announcing a series of constitutional reforms in and by appointing a few moderates to the imperial and provincial councils.
Kingdom from within the mainstream During the partition of Bengal new methods of struggle were adopted. Gandhi had perfected the concept of satyagraha. The British themselves adopted a "carrot and stick" approach in recognition of India's support during the war and in response to renewed nationalist demands.
The end of the protests in South Africa saw oppressive legislation repealed and the release of political prisoners by General Jan 9.
In August The act also expanded the central and provincial legislatures and widened the franchise considerably. During these protests. The Indian soldiers smuggled arms into India to overthrow the British rule.
Diarchy set in motion certain real changes at the provincial level: Edwin Montagu. The prewar nationalist movement revived as moderate and extremist groups within the Congress submerged their differences in order to stand as a unified front.
Gopal Krishna Gokhale. The British military commander. In protest. The elitist struggle to a national one.
The agitation unleashed by the acts nationalist cause was expanded to culminated on 13 April Gandhi's ideas and strategies of non-violent civil disobedience initially appeared impractical to some Indians and Congressmen. The profits from the crops they grew were insufficient to provide for their sustenance. In Gandhi's own words. For example. Gandhi's ability to inspire millions of common people became clear when he used satyagraha during the anti-Rowlatt Act protests in Punjab.
Gandhi believed that the industrial development and educational development that the Europeans had brought with them were required to alleviate many of India's problems. A total of 1. They had assembled at Jallianwala However. Vallabhbhai Patel. That came Gandhi was sentenced in to six in the s with the entry of years of prison.
Indian estimates ranged as high as 1. The party was transformed from an elite organization to one of mass national appeal and participation. Membership in the party was opened to anyone prepared to pay a token fee. Subhash Chandra Gandhi called off the Bagh. It also urged people to boycott Hindu society. Jawaharlal Nehru. Although this came too late to influence the framing of the new Government of India Act of On his release from Indian Politics in The march is usually known as committee under Motilal Nehru to draw the Dandi March or the Salt up a constitution for India.
Bose and others. Many Indian political parties and Indian revolutionaries of a wide spectrum united to observe the day with honour and pride. Regional political organizations also continued to represent the interests of nonBrahmins in Madras. Hindu Mahasabha. It authorized the Working Committee to launch a civil disobedience movement throughout the country. The Satyagraha. The Gujarat between 12 March and 6 April conference appointed a drafting At Dandi.
Mahars in Maharashtra. Under the presidency of Jawaharlal Nehru at its historic Lahore session in December Vanchinathan and Neelakanda Brahmachari played a major role from Tamil Nadu in both freedom struggle and fighting for equality for all castes and communities. It was decided that 26 January should be observed all over India as the Purna Swaraj total independence Day.
The Indian National Congress adopted a resolution calling for complete independence from the British. This was meant to instill a Ahmedabad to Dandi. For the next few years. In April there were violent police- However. Gandhi agreed to ambiguities in safeguarding the discontinue the civil disobedience existing privileges of princes.
Gandhi Approximately over The ban upon the Congress was removed because of economic hardships caused by the satyagraha.
The Government of India Act The Muslim League disputed the claim of the Congress to represent all people of India. While Gandhi was in jail. In movement and participate as the sole February In return. By then. The federal back which further intensified the provisions. Although the idea of Pakistan had been introduced as early as Organisations like Jugantar and Anushilan Samiti had emerged in the s.
Several murders and looting the first decade of s. Bhupendranath Datta etc. The recruited young men and women to Indian revolutionary underground participate in the revolutionary began gathering momentum through activities. Partition of Bengal in Uttar Pradesh. More groups explosives. The Bihar. The revolutionary philosophies and movement made their presence felt during the Partition of Bengal. Amongst a number of were scattered around India.
Apart from a few stray incidents. Following the trial Central Assembly Bomb Case. Sukhdev and Rajguru were hanged in Allama Mashriqi founded Khaksar Tehreek in order to direct particularly the Muslims towards the independence movement.
After the First World War. Bhagat Singh. The conspiracy culminated in an attempt to Bomb the Viceregal procession on 23 December This party was instrumental in helping revolutionaries inside India catch hold of foreign arms. On 1 July Rash Behari successfully evaded capture for nearly three years. Madan Lal Dhingra.
In the s. The Ghadar Party operated from abroad and cooperated with the revolutionaries in India.
In the aftermath of this event. Mohan Singh. Udham Singh shot Michael O'Dwyer. In opposition to Although largely ignored by post-Independence historians of India. On 8 calls for massive civil disobedience December Following the Chittagong wanted to support the British war armoury raid case. Battaglione Azad Hindoustan. Many past inception in August led by Gandhi revolutionaries joined mainstream and began following failure of the politics by joining Congress and other Cripps' mission to reach a consensus parties.
The second saw its activities gradually declined. Inspector General of Prisons. Legion Freies Indien. Indian Independence League. Surya Sen was effort. The Bengal Volunteers the Battle of Britain.
Quit India. Especially during Andaman. Gandhi resisted started operating in Martyr and Swaraj Independence. Following the surrender of Japan. The arbitrary entry of India into the in the forests of in Arakan. This came to be the conceptualisation in embryonic form of Bose's dream of raising a liberation Army to fight the Raj. The INA would ultimately fail. The INA was to see action against the allies. Burma and war was strongly opposed by Subhash Assam. After lobbying against Nicobar islands were captured by the participation in the war.
President of the Congress twice. Bose renamed them Shahid new party.
Its aim was to reach India as a fighting force that would build on public resentment to inspire revolts among Indian soldiers to defeat the Raj. Bose's audacious actions and radical initiative had by this time captured the public imagination and also turned the inclination of the native soldiers of the British Indian Forces from one of loyalty to the crown to support for the soldiers that the Raj deemed as collaborators.
When war broke out. The call for against fascism.
The purpose of the mission Royal Indian Navy which found public was to negotiate with the Indian support throughout India. Congress took the decision to launch At the outbreak of war.
Party had during the Wardha meeting The aim of the movement was to of the working-committee in bring the British Government to the September In March It did however. Committee AICC. The British. The Congress Party's Working Committee. Quit India had petered out. Gandhi urged Indians to follow a non-violent civil disobedience. Workers remained absent en masse and strikes were called.
From the initial flashpoint in Bombay. Gandhi told the masses to act as an independent nation and not to follow the orders of the British. Large-scale protests and demonstrations were held all over the country. In large parts of the country. Indian under-ground organisation carried out bomb attacks on allied supply convoys.
They also banned the party altogether. On August 8. At Gowalia Tank. A total over The movement also saw widespread acts of sabotage. The draft proposed The British swiftly responded by mass that if the British did not accede to detentions. The immediate Viscount Louis Mountbatten.
The actions of the mutineers were supported by demonstrations which included a one-day general strike in Bombay. Naval officers and men began calling themselves the Indian National Navy and offered left-handed salutes to British officers.
Muslim League. He was replaced in June by Chakravarti Rajagopalachari. India became an independent nation. Jammu and Kashmir. This soon broke out into a revolt which assumed the dimensions of the Mutiny.
The Indian Mutiny of The conquest of India, which could be said to have begun with the Battle of Plassey , was practically completed by the end of Dalhousie's tenure in It had been by no means a smooth affair as the simmering discontent of the people manifested itself in many localized revolt during this period. However, the Mutiny of , which began with a revolt of the military soldiers at Meerut, soon became widespread and posed a grave challenge to the British rule.
Even though the British succeeded in crushing it within a year, it was certainly a popular revolt in which the Indian rulers, the masses and the militia participated so enthusiastically that it came to be regarded as the First War of Indian Independence.
Introduction of zamindari system by the British, where the peasants were ruined through exorbitant charges made from them by the new class of landlords.
The craftsmen were destroyed by the influx of the British manufactured goods. The religion and the caste system which formed the firm foundation of the traditional Indian society was endangered by the British administration.
The Indian soldiers as well as people in administration could not rise in hierarchy as the senior jobs were reserved for the Europeans. Thus, there was all-round discontent and disgust against the British rule, which burst out in a revolt by the 'sepoys' at Meerut whose religious sentiments were offended when they were given new cartridges greased with cow and pig fat, whose covering had to be stripped out by biting with the mouth before using them in rifles.
M Joshi, Ray Chaudhary. Also famous for the second split in the congress. S Mirajkar, K. N Juglekar and S. V Ghate. In , H. A Hindustan Republican Association was formed at Kanpur. To inquire in the working system of Government in the country after the reform act of Nehru Report - for dominion status, universal adult franchise, etc. On 26th January, Independence Day was celebrated for the 1st time. Civil Disobedience Movement was started with the Dandi March.
From 12 March to 6 April , Gandhi ji along with his 78 followers marched from Sabarmati Ashram to Dandi and broke the salt law by making salt on 6th April On 5th March, Gandhi Irwin Pact was signed. In this session first time a resolution of Fundamental Rights and Economic policy was passed.
On 7th September, Second Round Table Conference was held in which Gandhi ji participated on the behalf of congress.
On 26th September, Poona pact was signed. P — Presided by S.An internal assessment report the two nations. Ms Benazir Bhutto. It all ended with the accession of Kashmir to India in October These included the various "liberation armies" which were formed in as well as with the help of Italy, Germany as well as in South-east Asia.
On After the war. These were without any exception ruled by autocratic individuals and families who were completely subservient to the colonial masters. The British fought the main army of the rebels near Delhi in Badlke-Serai and drove them back to Delhi before laying siege on the city.